Obesity

The prevalence and severity of people suffering from obesity has increased markedly worldwide. The WHO declared obesity a “crisis of epidemic proportion”. Obesity became prevalent public health problem that presents significant risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is linked with hyperlipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, and cardiorespiratory conditions. Childhood obesity has psychosocial and physical effects during childhood. It is considered predictive for obesity later in life. About 70 % of obese children and adolescents grow up to become obese adults.

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Diabetes

Diabetes is a Public Health issue

The blood sugar level is the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. It is also known as serum glucose level. It is expressed as milligram per decilitre (mg/dl).
Normally, blood glucose levels stay within narrow limits throughout the day 70-150mg/dl. But they are higher after meals and usually lowest in the morning.
In diabetes the blood sugar level moves outside these limits until treated. Even with good control of diabetes, the blood sugar level will still at times drift outside this normal range.

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Cardiovascular

Coronary heart disease (CHD)

Also known as ischemic heart disease, it occurs when there is less blood supply to heart muscle which means less oxygen and nutrients reaching the muscle cells. The cause could be due to atheroma formation (or deposition of plaque) in the coronary arteries (arteries supplying blood to the heart muscles). Atheroma/plaque leads to narrowing of the arteries and hence decreases the blood flow to the heart muscles. The symptoms show up when the narrowing of lumen of the arteries is more than 70%.

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